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Reform Waves

Reform waves die down quickly and reform again before they hit the shore. They are the most beginner-friendly type of wave. Reform waves dip and raise but do not crash upon descending. Reform waves form as the result of mild winds and can be found at any location.

Tubing Waves

Also referred to plunging waves, tubing waves are produced when a deep wave comes closer to the shore. These waves are narrow and fast. They appear late so surfers must be quick to catch them. Tubing waves can also be dangerous so only advanced surfers should attempt to ride them.


When the crests and troughs align, this creates a double wave. The result is a much larger and more powerful wave. Only experienced surfers should attempt to ride these types of waves.

Double-ups can reach rapid speeds and altitudes as high as ten meters. This makes them more shallow and susceptible to breaking. A surfer can easily get caught in the wave if they do not know how to navigate it. The large waves create a longer ride that is much more thrilling.

Crumbly Waves

Crumbly or “mushy” waves are much more suitable for beginners. The waves do not generate a lot of force and are not very steep. They are created when the bottom contour is more gradual. Crumbly waves do not reach altitudes higher than a few meters.


All waves break at once. These waves create mostly white water. They break and reform again before further out from shore. They are not suitable for surfacing.

Point Break Waves

Point break waves occur when a swell hits land at a perpendicular angle. Areas that are famous for point break waves include beaches in California and Hawaii. The waves stretch for longer distances compared to reef breaks. The waves can usually break over sand.

River mouth Waves

River mouth waves are rare. They are one of the most graceful types of waves. River mouth waves slowly ripple down as they crash into the ocean surface.

Beach Breaks

These types of waves change shapes frequently based on the sandbank. They are hollow, long, and powerful. The quality of the waves depends on the shape of the sandbank. Beach banks are a good starting place for surfers to learn.